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Mice/Rat

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RAT PREVENTION

RAT PREVENTION

Rat (roof rat ,norway rat) and mice activity is mostly is seen in winter time. Pest control companies seek 50% to 70% rise in the rodent business during winter season. During the summer season there is good supply of food is available in kind of fruit,nuts and grain. As the food is available the population of these pest also increases as there is less competition. As the winter approaches the food supply becomes less and its forces the mice ant rat to look for the source of food. so in search of food they move into homes offices shops and factories.Rats and mice are well known to gnaw on cables causing short circuits, pipes causing floods, eating our food causing health risks, and causing consternation to those with a natural fear of rodents.
Rat and mice can enter in to homes by one of following routes

rat prevention

For rat prevention pay attention to these points,

  1. Remove any birds feeder .
  2. Do not use compost.
  3. check your garage door rubber
  4. keep dog food in close container
  5. tress branches should be trimmed 3 feet away from the perimeter of house.Look in places both high and low. Rats and mice are excellent climbers. Roof rats are better climbers than the larger Norway rats and feed readily in trees. They will walk along branches that overhang roofs and drop down onto the roof. From here they rarely have difficulty getting into the roof void via gaps around the eaves.
  6. No thick vegetation around the house
  7. Pick up the fallen fruits.
  8. Check the chimney sides . The chimney metal sheets touching the roof should be properly attached.
  9. All the tiles or shingles on the roof should be in place. fix the broken or fallen one.
  10. check the crawl space vent. Fix or replace the damaged one.
  11. Check any gaps in the foundation of the house . pay attention to the plumbing pipes .
  12. Dryer vents of stove vents should have proper screens or lids.

Sighns of mice rat  presence:

For Rat prevention look for the following signs of there presence

Droppings: Mouse droppings are about the size of rice grains; rat droppings are about the size of a raisin.mice control surrey

Burrows: Check in weedy places, under boards, under dog houses and near garbage cans or dumpsters.

Gnawings: Any little hole with chewed edges is a sure sign. Check your pantry for chewed packages. Look for shredded paper. Look for tooth marks.rat chewing

Scratching Sound: Listen for gnawing or scratching in walls or attics, especially at night.

Chewed paper or cloth (including gloves, carpet, clothes) are often found in boxes, drawers, basements or attics.

Odor: A musty odor usually indicates mice and  rats, are present.

Pet Excitement : Cat and dog are excited by the presence of mice and rat.

Alarm going on: Some time the alarm of the offices and homes is activated by the movement of the mice or rat in front of sensor.

GERMAN COCKROACH

 RAT PREVENTION,RAT PREVENTION, RAT PREVENTION, RAT PREVENTION

Updated: June 1, 2015 — 6:18 am

RAT BITE FEVER

 

RAT BITE FEVER

 

Do Rat bites?.Its the common question being asked to pest control companies .The answer to this is”YES THEY DO BITE”.Both rat and mice bite  people. The biting of rodents occurs mostly when their population is high and where they live in close proximity to people.Persons more  likely be bitten by rat and mice are

  •  Babies in crib.
  • Elderly and homeless people.
  • People who handle rats in laboratories .
  • Peoples living in low socio-economic areas of cities.

what could happen if rat or mice bite

Disease caused by rat or mice bite is “RAT BITE FEVER” also known as”SODOKU DISEASE”

The cause of this bite fever is due to two kinds of bacterial organism found in rat and mice saliva,gums and within mucous membranes .these bacteria only transmit by biting not by urine or feces.

Symptoms

Symptoms will be different for every person and will be different depending on the type of  bite fever that a person is infected with.the symptoms develops in about  days and may have following symptoms

  • Chill and high fever followed by rashes.
  • An arthritic conditions of swollen red and painful joints
  • Vomiting, headaches, and muscle aches. Joints can also become painfully swollen and pain can be experienced in the back
  • Along with rash and swollen joints, skin irritations like ulcer or inflammation can develop on the hands and feet.
  • Wounds will heal slowly,
  • Symptoms will come and go over the course of a few months.
  •  Rat bite fever include issues with the lymph nodes  in the neck, groin and underarm.

PREVENTION

  •  staying away from rodents,
  •  hands and face should be washed after contact and any scratches both cleaned and antiseptics applied
  • . Prompt cleaning of wounds with antiseptic solution, and reducing the risk of bites.
  •  Animal handlers, laboratory workers, sanitation and sewer workers must take special precautions against exposure.

RAT pest control

Updated: December 8, 2013 — 7:09 am

RAT CONTROL BY BEHAVIOUR

RAT CONTROL BY BEHAVIOUR

 

RAT REMOVAL SURREY

The behaviour of rat and mice is different. Rat behaviour can be understood by following categories

 DRINKING BEHAVIOUR FOR RAT CONTROL

Rat species consume up to 60 ml of water daily depending upon their body weight. The consumption of water depends upon temperature, activity, age and food source. Rat drinks water either directly by their tongue or making feet like a cup. If they are eating fruits, vegetables, insects or worms they will need less water. Due to availability of water in the sewers, drains and along banks of watercourses rats establish their population.

NOCTURNAL OR ACTIVITY BEHAVIOUR FOR RAT CONTROL

Most of the people think rats are active at night time. This is because their principal enemies are relatively not active at that time. Rats are mostly active within one hour of sunset and before dawn. The activity of rat may also be seen at day time depending upon availability of food, human activity and competition for food.

FEEDING BEHAVIOUR FOR RAT CONTROL

Rats are omnivores, this means they eat both vegetables and meat.They can consume insects, vegetables, and various types of grains. Rats consume food about 10%of body weight.  This is one of the reasons why rats have been so incredibly successful as a species. But being an omnivore also means that an individual has a lot of choices about what to eat, and this poses great risks, the wrong choice could be fatal.

• Before birth:

In utero, fetal rats detect food particles that come from their mother’s diet and cross the placental barrier. Shortly after birth, newborn rats respond positively to these foods. Therefore, they start learning about what to eat from their mother before they’re even born.

• Nursing:
Nursing rats receive information about their mother’s diet through her milk. They prefer the foods she ate during lactation.

• Weaning:
 When young rats are weaning and eating solid foods for the first time, they use adult rats as guides. They forage where the adults are foraging. Once they enter weaning stage they learn which food is good and which one is dangerous by following the older rats

•Adulthood:
when rats forage on their own, their food choices are influenced by social interactions that may take place far away from foraging sites. They smell foods on the fur, whiskers and especially the breath of other rats and strongly prefer the foods those rats had previously eaten.

Rats are very neophobic when it comes to food .The rats will not respond to new food if there is good supply of food already available, that’s why some time they respond to rodenticides. When the rat population is high and there is less availability of food source, they will not avoid the new food and will respond to the rodenticide. Rats can also carry food material back to their nest. Rats can hold the food in their feet.

When rats infest a home, they can use various things as a food source.  Pet food is a common reason for rat infestations. Be sure to properly secure pet food, and quickly clean up any food that is not eaten by pets. Rats are able to chew through cardboard and thin plastic, so be sure to store grains in cans or rat-proof plastic .Periodic sweeping and vacuuming can remove dropped crumbs and other sources of food.The dropping color of the rat is also an indicator of what kind of food or rodenticide they are eating.

MOVING BEHAVIOUR FOR RAT CONTROL

The rat move from one area to another , from one building to another if there is a change in their area due to massive clean-up or construction is going on. They will not leave their area if they have good supply of food, water and shelter is available to them. The average range for food is 8 to 30 meter.

 BURROWS BEHAVIOUR FOR RAT CONTROL 

As every living want to protect him and young ones from predators, so they need some kind of shelter. The rat shelter could be found in the form of burrows in ground or in trees or building voids or in sewer line, inside or under the insulation in attic or crawl space areas. The rat burrows are 2 to 3 inches in diameters. The rat use the front feet to dig the burrows .they use their belly to shoves the loose soil out of the burrows. They push the loose soil with their hind feet with powerful strokes. The rat nest is inside the burrows and may be make of straws, cardboard, paper, leaves and insulation of attic or crawl space and inside the wall .most of the time the nest is located near the source of food. The rat nest in the sewers in wall voids of sewers and they use the sewers as guideline or highway.

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RAT CONTROL

Updated: December 8, 2013 — 7:16 am

HOW DO RAT MICE DEFEND

HOW DO RAT MICE DEFEND RAT MICE

Rat Mice are always under constant threat of attack by other animals including humans. they are the among the major prey species on the earth planet. In order to survive they have developed several anti-predator strategies and their senses play an important role in this function.

SENSES OF DEFENCE

VISION (RAT MICE)

The vision of rodent is not poor that’s why they are adopted to night. they can distinguish between different shapes . they are color blind so the color of object like poison, traps or bait station does not matter to them.

SENSE OF TOUCH  (RAT MICE)

Because of poor vision of rodent(RAT MICE)  their sense of smell and touch is very well-developed. the fur of rodents  are equipped with sensory nerves at their bases. these hairs are located at on the face ,head ,legs , belly , and other areas of body.these hairs help rodents to avoid dangerous surfaces.Due to this behaviour rat and mice travel along the walls . That is  why trapping and baiting stations give good result when placed along the base board areas.

SENSE OF SMELL (RAT MICE)

The sense of smell helps the rodents to find out where is the food available. Rodents like other insects also secrete pheromones in dropping. which help them to find out the safe feeding sites ,finding other species of rodents and reproduction .The rodents dropping are some time used as bait on traps to catch them in traps.

SENSE OF HEARING (RAT MICE)

This sense is very well-developed in rodents . due to this sense they can hear both sonic and ultrasonic sound.if there is strange sound in their surrounding they will respond very quickly and will hide to avoid the danger. but once they get used to that sound they will not respond.

SENSE OF TASTE (RAT MICE)

Rodent can detect whether food contains or contaminated with chemicals. although their this sense is not very well-developed and is about 1 part per million .when the rodent bait is formulated this factor is very well  monitored.

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Updated: November 29, 2013 — 5:14 am

PHYSICAL FEATURES OF RAT AND MICE

 PHYSICAL FEATURES OF RAT AND MICE

Rat and mice posses may interesting and impressive  physical abilities. In order to plan a rodent control programme it is important to know these physical features of Rat and Mice.

mice RAT CONTROL SURREY

  • Both Rat and Mice are good swimmer.Norway rat can swim 1.4 Km /hour and can float up to 3 days.
  • The house mouse can swim  0.7 Km/hour.
  • Both Roof rat and Norway rat can enter through sewers.
  • Mice can travel at a speed of 12 feet/second.
  • Mice can jump up to 60 cm.
  • Mice and Rat can climb up any rough surface wall .
  • Mice can fall from a height of 8 feet without any injury.
  • Roof Rat is not good runner as compared to Norway rat but is good climber
  • Roof rats are known to gnaw through a wide variety of materials, including lead, aluminum sheeting, window screens, wood, rubber, vinyl, fiberglass, plastic and low quality concrete or mortar.
  • Rat can easily run along telephone and other wires .
  • Roof rat (Black Rat) often do the  circuitous jump instead of  direct jump.
  • Rat use their tale to assist in balancing while climbing down or up .
  • Rat can jump upward by rapid pushing against smooth surface.
  • Rat can climb large pipes which are just beside the building by forcing their bodies between pipe and building
  • Rats have a powerful social chain of command. The largest and strongest rats will get the best food and harborage.
  • Rats are sharp animals. They are more intelligent than rabbits, hamsters, mice, gerbils and guinea pigs for instance. They also have excellent memories. Once rats learn a direction-finding route, they never forget it.
  • Rats have very poor eyesight and are colourblind.
  • Most rats are right-handed.
  • An adult rat can squeeze into your home through a hole as small as the size of a quarter.
  • Rats can live for up to 18 months, but most die before they are one year old.
  • Rats have strong teeth that allow them to chew through glass, cinder block, wire, Rats can chew through metals such as copper and aluminium.  Rats are a very clean animal; they spend several hours per day grooming them.
  • Rats use high-frequency sounds to communicate with each other.
  • They use their tail to control their body temperature because they cannot sweat.

Moles control in canada

Updated: December 2, 2013 — 4:50 am

INTEGRATED PEST CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR RAT/MICE CONTROL

INTEGRATED PEST CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR

RAT/MICE CONTROL

rat controlsurrey

The rat/mice control programme could be achieved by following the following steps

  1.   Inspection and monitoring
  2.   Blocking the entry points
  3.   Keeping area clean/sanitation
  4.   Non chemical
  5.  Chemical 

1. Inspection and monitoring for rat/mice control

In the first step inspect the area for all the sings of Mice/Rat infestation.

Pay attention to see if you find any or some of these sings

  • FECES OF MICE/RAT

The first sign is finding Mice or Rat dropping. Mice/Rat produces 50 dropping on an average. Mice dropping are size of 3 mm to 7 mm   whereas the rat dropping are 19 mm.

  • Gnawing or chewing sings

The rodents have very sharp incisors. The can chew many different objects including aluminum, plastic, wood, mortar and lead. The evidence of recent damage by gnawing is an excellent sing of presence of rodent.

  • Burrows

The burrows are mostly found near bird’s feeder, dog house, woodpiles, and Fence rows.

  • Greasy marks

The rodents use same path between their nest and food source. The oil and dirt on the rodent’s body, Feet and tail is clearly seen on the point of entry as a greasy mark

  • Urine stains

The urine of mice/rat has a musk smell, the urine of rodents leave stains on the insulation and drywall.

  • Physical sighting of Mice or Rats

The physical sighting or alive or dead rodent during inspection is the clear indication of presence of Mice/Rat.

2. Blocking the entry points for rat/mice control

This step is the most important step in rodent control. As this is time taking process most of time is being overlooked. The entry point may be one of these areas

Where to look for gaps or holes inside your home

  • Inside, under, and behind kitchen cabinets, refrigerators and stoves.
  • Inside closets near the floor corners.
  • Around the fireplace.
  • Around doors.
  • Around the pipes under sinks and washing machines.
  • Around the pipes going to hot water heaters and furnaces.
  • Around floor vents and dryer vents.
  • Inside the attic.
  • In the basement or crawl space.
  • In the basement and laundry room floor drains.
  • Between the floor and wall juncture.

Where to look for gaps or holes outside your home for rat/mice control

  • In the roof among the rafters, gables, and eaves.
  • Around windows.
  • Around doors.
  • Around the foundation
  • Attic vents and crawl space vents.
  • Under doors.
  • Around holes for electrical, plumbing, cable, and gas lines.

3. Keeping area clean/sanitation for rat/mice control

  • For the effective control of Mice/Rat make sure that
  • No thick vegetation around the perimeter of property as it provides the nesting material and food to the rodents
  • No bird’s feeder as the birds feed falling is an open invitation to rodents. If you like bird’s feeder, Keep bird feeders away from the house and utilize squirrel guards to limit access to the feeder by squirrels and other rodents.
  • No compose as it’s a good source of food to them. Keep compost bins as far away from the house as possible (100 feet or more is best).
  • No dog food outside. Keep grains and animal feed in thick plastic or metal containers with tight lids. In the evening, uneaten animal feed should be returned to containers with lids. Always put pet food away after use and do not leave pet-food or water bowls out overnight.
  • Inside the house the garbage should be in tight lid containers.
  • Keep food in thick plastic or metal containers with tight lids.
  • Clean up spilled food right away and wash dishes and cooking utensils soon after use.
  • Keep outside cooking areas and grills clean.

4. Non chemical for rat/mice control

  • Rodents traps
  • Glue traps
  • Multiple catch or live traps
  • Ultra sound devices

5. Chemical /rodenticide for rat/mice control

Call professional to use this options.

RAT/MICE CONTROL

Updated: November 29, 2013 — 5:16 am

NORWAY RAT,ROOF RAT

NORWAY RAT

NORWAY RAT REMOVAL SURREY

The Norway rat – also known as the brown rat is larger and more aggressive than the Roof Rat. It is dull brown in color and measures between 12 1/2″ to 17″ from nose to tail. The nose is blunt with small ears and small eyes. The tail is shorter than the head and body combined.

The young rats reach sexual maturity in 2-3 months. The female averages 7 litters per year with 8-12 pups per litter. Adults live about one year. They live in colonies. The Norway rat generally prefers to live in underground tunnels. Their nesting burrows on the outside are often along the foundations of walls. As the rat family grows, more burrows are built resulting in lots of underground tunnels. Inside buildings, Norway rats commonly nest on the lower levels but while the population grows, they may go in attics and ceiling areas.

Rats are nocturnal with their peak activity taking place at dusk or before dawn. When the population is large or the colony is hungry and disturbed, activity can take place during the day too.

ROOF RAT

ROOF RAT EXTERMINATOR VANCOVER

The roof rat is also called the black rat. It is slimmer than the Norway rat and has larger ears. The tail is longer than the combined length of the body and head. Roof rats’ nests are usually in the ceilings and attics. Both roof rats and Norway rats are good climbers and can climb up the inside and outside of pipes. Roof rats can climb even wires. Female rats have up to 7 litters per year of 8-12 pups per litter.

Rats can get into a home through a hole about the size of a quarter. Rats damage structure, chew wiring and cause electrical fires, eat and urinate on human and animal food and carry many diseases. Rats rely mainly on smell, taste touch and hearing because of poor vision.

ats and mice carry so many health related problems they should never be ignored. The field mice or deer mice are known to carry the virus, which is fatal for human beings. You can become infected by exposure to their droppings, and the flu-like first signs of sickness (especially fever and muscle aches) appear one to six weeks later, followed by shortness of breath and coughing. Once this phase begins, the disease progresses rapidly, necessitating hospitalization and often ventilation within 24 hours. Prevention is the best strategy.

RAT DAMAGE IN ATTICRAT DROPPING IN ATTIC

ROOF RAT DELTAROOF RAT DAMAGE CONTROL WHITE ROCK

Accidental poisoning could occur among humans and pets from poorly placed poison.
ideal pest control offers first class rodent control using the following process.

1) Thoroughly inspect the premises to determine what the food sources may be. Determine the entry points and travel routes

2) Consult with customer regarding corrective measures to discourage rodents and methods of immediate control.

3) Apply appropriate control using bait or traps, depending on the conditions.

4) Schedule future service calls if required.

MICE CONTROL IN SURREY

 

Updated: December 2, 2013 — 1:54 am

ROOF RAT NORWAY RAT DAMAGE

ROOF RAT NORWAY RAT

Norway Rat
norway rat control

The Norway rat – also known as the brown rat is larger and more aggressive than the Roof Rat. It is dull brown in color and measures between 12 1/2″ to 17″ from nose to tail. The nose is blunt with small ears and small eyes. The tail is shorter than the head and body combined.

The young rats reach sexual maturity in 2-3 months. The female averages 7 litters per year with 8-12 pups per litter. Adults live about one year. They live in colonies. The Norway rat generally prefers to live in underground tunnels. Their nesting burrows on the outside are often along the foundations of walls. As the rat family grows, more burrows are built resulting in lots of underground tunnels. Inside buildings, Norway rats commonly nest on the lower levels but while the population grows, they may go in attics and ceiling areas.

ROOF RAT NORWAY RAT

Rats are nocturnal with their peak activity taking place at dusk or before dawn. When the population is large or the colony is hungry and disturbed, activity can take place during the day too.

Roof Rat

Roof Rat Control white rock

The roof rat is also called the black rat. It is slimmer than the Norway rat and has larger ears. The tail is longer than the combined length of the body and head. Roof rats’ nests are usually in the ceilings and attics. Both roof rats and Norway rats are good climbers and can climb up the inside and outside of pipes. Roof rats can climb even wires. Female rats have up to 7 litters per year of 8-12 pups per litter.

Rats can get into a home through a hole about the size of a quarter. Rats damage structure, chew wiring and cause electrical fires, eat and urinate on human and animal food and carry many diseases. Rats rely mainly on smell, taste touch and hearing because of poor vision.

Roof Rat Control Burnaby
Lots of Rat Grease & Urine
 
Norway Rat Control Surrey
Rat Nest and Droppings
 
Norway Rat Control Richmond
Look at this Rat Trail
 
Norway Rat Control delta
Chewing through a gable end for access
 
Norway Rat Control white rock
Typical chewing on electric wire
 
Norway Rat Control Burnaby
Chewing on the insulation of an attic pipe
 
Roof Rat

Rats chewed through this soffit vent
Roof Rat Control

Chewing on a pipe outside to gain access

Rats and mice carry so many health related problems they should never be ignored. The field mice or deer mice are known to carry the virus, which is fatal for human beings. You can become infected by exposure to their droppings, and the flu-like first signs of sickness (especially fever and muscle aches) appear one to six weeks later, followed by shortness of breath and coughing. Once this phase begins, the disease progresses rapidly, necessitating hospitalization and often ventilation within 24 hours. Prevention is the best strategy.

Accidental poisoning could occur among humans and pets from poorly placed poison.
ideal pest control offers first class rodent control using the following process.

1) Thoroughly inspect the premises to determine what the food sources may be. Determine the entry points and travel routes

2) Consult with customer regarding corrective measures to discourage rodents and methods of immediate control.

3) Apply appropriate control using bait or traps, depending on the conditions.

4) Schedule future service calls if required.

Control

Call ideal pest control AT 604-543-1457 to eliminate them from your home and business
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Updated: December 2, 2013 — 4:51 am

INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT RAT

INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT RAT

some of the interesting facts about Rats are as follow.
OMNIVOROUS
Rats are omnivores, this means they eat both vegetables and meat
RAT EXTERMINATOR LANGLEY
Rats are extremely sensitive to electromagnetic fields.

Rats have highly tuned senses and can become overwhelmed by the electromagnetic fields generated by electronic devices. Until a new rat is well acclimated to your home and shows no signs of agitation or irritation when exposed to electronic devices, you should keep her habitat in an area of the house with a minimum of electronic activity.

SOCIAL

Rats have a powerful social chain of command. The largest and strongest rats will get the best food and harborage.
LOVABLE.
Rats very lovable animals. They love being in the group of their own species or humans. They like playing collectively and love to sleep curled up together. They take care of the injured and sick rats in their group. When rats don’t have friendship, they can become lonely, depressed, anxious and stressed. A group of rats is called a mischief.
INTELLIGENT
Rats are sharp animals. They are more intelligent than rabbits, hamsters, mice, gerbils and guinea pigs for instance. They also have excellent memories. Once rats learn a direction-finding route, they never forget it.
SHY
Rats are probing but shy. They choose to run away rather than confront a potential threat.
Romans considered the rat to be a sign of good luck.
FOOD FOR PEOPLE
 Rats have been used throughout history as food for people and pets, religious icons, laboratory animals, pets, mine detectors, animals used in sports (such as the now illegal practise of rat baiting with dogs,) and some have even been trained to drag wires through walls making some electricians’ jobs go much faster.
POOR EYESIGHT
  Rats have very poor eyesight and are colourblind.
WORSHIPPED AND FED
RAT CONTROL BURNABY
Rats are routinely worshipped and fed in the Karni Devi, a temple completely devoted to them. These thousands of wild rats never gave any of their worshipper infected Bubonic fleas even during the plague years – scientists suspect this is because being territorial they kept invading rats (and their fleas) out of the area.
RIGHT HANDED
Most rats are right-handed.
LAUGHTER
 Rats have been proven to make a laughter-like noise (unable to be heard by the human ear alone) when tickled and dream while sleeping
 BREEDING
Inbred laboratory rats are created by breeding brother to sister for at least 300 generations. This produces animals who are more than 99% genetically identical, which is more similar then even current clones are!
SQUEEZING
An adult rat can squeeze into your home through a hole as small as the size of a quarter.
Rats can live for up to 18 months, but most die before they are one year old.
According to the Guinness Book of World Records the longest lived domestic rat died at seven years and four months of age (which far exceeds the 2-3 year expected lifespan.)
STRONG TEETH

facts about rat



Rats have strong teeth that allow them to chew through glass, cinder block, wire, Rats can chew through metals such as copper and aluminium.
CLEAN ANIMAL
  Rats are a very clean animal; they spend several hours per day grooming them.
COMMUNICATION
Rats use high-frequency sounds to communicate with each other.
BODY TEMPERATURE
 They use their tail to control their body temperature because they cannot sweat.

 

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Updated: November 29, 2013 — 5:22 am

WHAT DO RAT EAT

What do Rats Eat?

RAT PROFESSIONAL

rat professional

 Rats are omnivores, this means they eat both vegetables and meat. which means rats can live in a wide variety of different environments. This is one of the reasons why rats have been so incredibly successful as a species. But being an omnivore also means that an individual has a lot of choices about what to eat, and this poses great risks: the wrong  choice could be fatal.

 If you’ve ever struggled to control rats in or around the home, you may have wondered– What do rats eat? 

Before birth:

  In utero, fetal rats detect odor-bearing particles that come from their mother’s diet and cross the placental barrier. Shortly after birth, newborn rats respond positively to these foods. Therefore, they start  learning about what to eat from their mother before they’re even born.

 During nursing: 

Nursing rats receive information about their mother’s diet through her milk. They prefer the foods she ate during lactation.

  Weaning:

  When young rats are weaning and eating solid foods for the first time, they use adult rats as guides. They forage where the adults are foraging or where adults have previously scent-marked .

• Adulthood:

 when rats forage on their own, their food choices are influenced by social interactions that may take place far away from foraging sites. They smell foods on the fur, whiskers and especially the breath of other rats and strongly prefer the foods those rats had previously eaten.

 Norway rats and roof rats are the most common species of rats in the CANADA.While they do eat some of the same foods, their diets are unique.Norway rats are more likely to be around raiding your pantry.These rats eat grains, cereals, nuts, fish, meats, and sometimes fruit.  When several options are available, Norway rats often choose fresh food that offers a balanced diet.Roof rats eat a lot of different fruits.Their preferred produce is avocado and citrus fruit.  These rats are known to eat fruit right off the tree. With some fruits, such as lemons, roof rats eat the rind but leave the flesh. When eating oranges, roof rats make a small incision in the outer peel and suck out the inside.  Roof rats also eat snails, slugs, berries, and nuts.

Rats also learn what not to eat, and this is where poison avoidance comes in:

Rats are very neophobic when it comes to food: they tend to avoid new foods. Rats have extremely sensitive learned food-aversions. If a rat does taste a new food it may try only a small amount the first time. If the food makes the rat feel ill, it scrupulously avoids that food in the future.

 When rats infest a home, they can use various things as a food source.  Pet food is a common reason for rat infestations.Be sure to properly secure pet food, and quickly clean up any food that is not eaten by pets. Rats are able to chew through cardboard and thin plastic, so be sure to store grains in cans or rat-proof plastic.Periodic sweeping and vacuuming can remove dropped crumbs and other sources of food.When searching for food, rats do not typically travel over 300 feet from their nests.This means that removing food sources in your home can quickly discourage rats from living there.

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RAT PROFESSIONAL

Updated: November 29, 2013 — 5:23 am
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